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1522 5 Simple steps to secure TT-RSS reader
secure tt-rss, tt-rss security
5 Simple steps to secure TT-RSS reader
July 27, 2015 by Anand Leave a Comment
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We recently presented Tiny Tiny RSS to you as a great alternative to Google reader, which is one more way you can extend the functionality of your home server or your hosting space. Hopefully, you already exported your data from Google Reader. In this post, we will show you how to secure TT-RSS reader to prevent unauthorized access. Tiny Tiny RSS is an open source web-based news feed (RSS/Atom) reader and aggregator, designed to allow you to read news from any location, while feeling as close to a real desktop application as possible. As we previously explained, it makes an ideal candidate to replace Google Reader. While there are services like Feedly and Newsblur grabbing the crowd Google Reader, which some of you may prefer, there are a group of people who would like to run a RSS reader on their own server and keep things private. Assuming that you have already installed Tiny Tiny RSS on your alternative to Google reader or hosting space, we will now show you how to secure TT-RSS reader.
Secure TT-RSS Reader
One of the main reasons to move to an RSS aggregator like TT-RSS is maintaining your privacy. So if you do not secure TT-RSS reader well you are not only making your data available public but also making your system vulnerable to potential attacks. Choosing a strong username and password while setting your TT-RSS is the first basic thing that you can do to secure TT-RSS reader. Listed below are few more ways you can increase TT-RSS readerâs security.
1. Rename TT-RSS Folder
One of the first lines of defense is to not use tt-rss in your URL to access your TT-RSS reader. To do this on your hosting account, use a folder name other than tt-rss while installing TT-RSS. On your Linux home server, edit /etc/tt-rss/apache.conf and change the first /tt-rss to something else. An example is shown below.
TT-RSS Rename URL
TT-RSS Rename URL
After making the change, restart your TT-RSS and Apache to apply the changes:
sudo service tt-rss restart
sudo serivce apache2 reload
Your TT-RSS reader is now available through the new URL (example: http://mydomain.com/myreader) only.
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2. Enable SSL
Accessing TT-RSS through http sends all information as unencrypted data. This could mean less privacy due to potential sniffing. The solution is to encrypt the data during transfer, which makes sniffing by hackers harder. To enable and enforce HTTPS access on Linux servers with Apache, install the following run-time libraries:
sudo apt-get install libssl0.9.8 libpam0g openssl
Restart your Apache server as shown above. You should now be able to access your TT-RSS reader with HTTPS. Note that you may have to have a SSL certificate generated. Refer to Apache documentation if you want to generate your own certificate. By default, the system will install self-signed certificates for you. These certificates are likely to raise warnings when you point your browser to the site.
3. Disable Single User Mode
By default the single user mode is already disabled (in /etc/tt-rss/config.php). Enabling single user mode will also disable TT-RSS login system. Therefore, keep the single user mode disabled.
Disable Single User Mode
Disable Single User Mode
A better way to make it a single user system is by limiting the number of registrations to 1 as described below. For whatever reason, you still want to enable single user mode, make sure you implement Apache Authentication method described below.
4. Self Registrations
Self registrations allow a visitor to register themselves, which could reduce TT-RSS security. If your TT-RSS will be for personal use only, then you may want to disable user registration by setting âENABLE_REGISTRATIONâ to âfalseâ.
TT-RSS Self Registrations
TT-RSS Self Registrations
To further secure TT-RSS Reader, uou may also want to change âREG_MAX_USERSâ to â1â to make your account the only account on TT-RSS.
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5. Apache Authentication
Last but not the least, enable Authentication. This is even more important if you have enabled âSingle User Modeâ describe above. Every time you access TT-RSS, you will be asked for a username and password as shown in the picture below:
Secure TT-RSS Reader
On your hosting account this equivalent to password protecting a directory, in this case the TT-RSS directory. To do this on your Ubuntu server, you will have to create a .htpasswd file. More information is available in Apache documentation. But the easiest way to achieve this is to use one of the htpasswd generators available online.
After you enter the username and password two code blocks will be generated. Copy the contents of the .htpasswd code block and save it to /etc/apache2/.htpasswd_ttrss. Next, copy the contents of the .htaccess code block and add it to /etc/tt-rss/apache.conf as shown below:
TT-RSS Apache Authentication
TT-RSS Apache Authentication
Save and exit. Restart both TT-RSS and Apache previous shown above. You should be prompted for a password every time you try to access TT-RSS. Some may think that this double authentication method is an extra inconvenience. But I would rather be safe than sorry.
Go ahead, secure Tiny Tiny RSS Reader and enjoy reading articles on your private secure RSS Reader.
1386 Retro Synth Ads: Sound Master Memory Rhythm SR-88, Keyboard 1982
Sound Master Memory Rhythm SR-88 drum machine 1-page advertisement from page 67 in Keyboard Magazine August 1982.
Hmmm. Not sure how I feel about this ad. There just seems to be a lot going on.
For example, am I supposed to know who "The Rhythm Section" is? The fact that they include themselves in an already long ad title suggests they must be some kind of a big deal. And then you find their name again in the bottom left-hand corner:
"The SR-88. Another innovative product from The Rhythm Section by Sound Master Distributed exclusively by JTG of Nashville."
So, let me get this straight. JTG of Nashville is the distributor of the SR-88 which was created by The Rhythm Section which is somehow owned or operated by Sound Master.
That is waaaaay to much information. Sounds like something political is going on there, and readers unfortunately get stuck in the middle of it.
There also seems to be a lot of ad-copy which actually doesn t give me much information. Reason #4 gives readers the most info including instant stop/start, variable tone and output switches, and a write/play mode indicator. The most I glean out of the four other reasons put together is: 16 rhythms, clock pulse and a price of under $200.
The actual specs that are probably most important to potential buyers are inexplicably shoved into the bottom right-hand corner.
Luckily for me, there are a few resources on the Web with more information about this beast. Unluckily for blog readers, as soon as I started looking for more info, I got swept up in a certain SR-88/Boss DR-55 controversy.
Comparing the SR-88 and Boss DR-55
One of the first Web sites I hit while looking for info on the SR-88 was Dubsounds.com. The site includes a great little write-up on the SR-88, but, more interesting was finding out about a little controversy about whether the SR-88 or the very similar Boss DR-55 came out first.
The two do seem mighty similar in functionality. For comparison purposes, I did a quick search on MATRIXSYNTH to find more photos. . A great photo of a gray SR-88 can be found in this December 2005 SR-88 MATRIXSYNTH auction post and the less common, but definitely more cool, blue SR-88 can be seen in this January 2011 MATRIXSYNTH auction post.
Comparing the two to the Amdek RMK-100
Interestingly, it s not just these two machines that look and function similarly. In this May 2009 MATRIXSYNTH SR-88 auction post commenter "PAC" notices:
"Interesting. I have an Amdek RMK-100 (sold as kit), very similar!"
Never heard of it, so I Googled "Amdek RMK-100" to see just how similar it was to both the DR-55 and the SR-88. Turns out (according to the Internet) that Amdek products were made by Boss/Roland back in 80s, and, not only that, but that the RMK-100 is actually the kit version of the Boss DR-55. Makes sense on why it would also be similar to the SR-88.
I found an ebay auction for an Amdek RMK-100 going on right now with a great photo of the front panel (see below), and indeed it does share a lot with the DR-55 and SR-88 - but definitely not identical to either one.
For example, it looks like the Amdek and SR-88 share a similar filler function that as far as I can tell is not available on the DR-55. And the DR-55 and the RMK-100 share a similar accent function that I don t see on the SR-88.
Now where does the Electro Dynamics Corporation Programmable Rhythm SR-99 fit in?
I also came across another machine with similar features - the Programmable Rhythm SR-99. No - not manufactured by Sound Master, but by Electro Dynamics Corporation. And, it too resembles the others in functionality, and especially the SR-88 in design also.
I ve included a row of photos below to help make the comparison between the two. The SR-88 photo is from the 2005 MATRIXSYNTH auction post and the EDC SR-99 photo is from the excellent BigBlueWave.co.uk site. I ve also thrown in a photo from another recent E-bay listing that included both - plus boxes and manuals! Sick!
Obviously, Sound Master and EDC are somehow connected, although I can t find any info on the Internet concerning these two companies. I do know that they were both advertising separately in Keyboard Magazine in late 1983, making it unlikely that one of the companies changed their name to the other. Anyone know anything?
And then there is the Clef Master Rhythm...
Now, I m going to throw in a late entry. It s Sunday night, and I just came across this August 2010 MATRIXSYNTH auction post for the Clef Master Rhythm. It not only shares part of the name of one of the other units ("Master"), it too has many features of the other rhythm machines, and identical innards as the DR-55, but is expanded to include even more sounds:
"This is essentially a fully expanded Boss DR-55 feature-wise and tone-wise. The circuits are identical (schematically and tonally) to the Boss DR-55, but the Clef Master Rhythm gives you way more instruments than the Boss DR-55..."
Interestingly, according to the post, it pre-dates the Boss DR-55 - and also came in a kit form like the Amdek.
"The Clef Master Rhythm came out a little before the Boss DR-55 in late 1979/early 1980. It was sold in two versions and available in greater quantities in Europe than in the United States. One version was a kit that the user put together and another one was a prebuilt machine."
A photo from the MATRIXSYNTH post really helps show the similarities in functions with the others:
What does it all mean?
So, looking at all five machines, its almost like there was a rhythm machine salad bar of some sort in Japan, and each company stepped up to it and picked out which features they wanted to include in their product.
And that begs the question - since we know there was a kit form available and there are claims that the Clef Master even has the same circuits as the DR-55, could all five products (and probably others) have used the exact same internal parts - each company choosing which features to include and then customizing in their respective rhythm machine? And if so, were those parts supplied by Amdek, or did all five get their internal parts from some other manufacturer?
And if that is the case, then the question of whether the SR-88 or DR-55 came first doesn t really matter much, since it is likely that the kit components would have been available first. Plus, we have that one auction post with the claim that the Clef Master came out before the DR-55 - making it all even more confusing to figure out.
Or, am I totally off the mark on all this? Were they all created separately? Maybe I ve just been fixated on this a little too much...
I ll keep on looking for more info on these companies and any connection they might have, but if anyone want to buy all four and open them up to take a look - it would be muchly appreciated. :D
Posted by RetroSynthAds at 12:05 PM
Labels: 1982, amdek, clef master, dr-55, drum machine, electro dynamics corporation, keyboard magazine, rmk-100, Sound Master, sr-88, sr-99
Here s a funny thing - I seem to remember Clef in the early 1980s as a British company that made electronic pianos (touch-sensitive ones!) in kit form. Deep in the back of my mind I recall seeing them at a music fair in London with a couple of their pianos and some drum machines including a prototype drum/bass/chord sequencer called something like a "Band-Box". But it WAS a long time ago.
February 12, 2012 at 12:36 PM
Looks like (for once) my memory didn t fail me. Here is a 1982 ad for Clef Electronics showing all the products I mentioned, plus a natty-looking little monosynth! BTW, I owned an EDC SR99 drum machine in the mid-1980s, but replaced it with a Yamaha RX-21 a couple of years later.
February 12, 2012 at 12:46 PM
1128 Venetian Snares on bandcamp
My name is Aaron.
Affectionate, released 11 January 2012
It's my birthday. Here are four nice trax from my collection. Been listening to these often, I like the way they make me feel.
1097 synth books
Here's a list of books relating to synthesizers and electronic music that we think are worth reading. Click on the image to go to Amazon.com and view more information and purchase them. Feel free to suggest a book. We do not sell books.
Synthesizers.com Modular Analog Music Synthesizers
Synthesizers.com, synthesizer, synth, synthesizers, modular, analog, arrick, analogue, keyboard, music, sound, effects, patch, vco, vcf, vca, ladder, oscillator, voltage control, low pass, filter, amplifier, envelope generator, CD, MP3, reverb, pan, fade, mixer, noise, sample, hold, sequencer, roland, moog, SEM, oberheim, yamaha, arp, 2500, 2600, vintage, vocoder, filter bank, ring modulator, sampler, clipper, rectifier, fuzz, multiple, processor, switch, interface, state variable, noise
1007 Advanced Programming Techniques for Modular Synthesizers / Nord Modular
1.1 The Purpose of this Document
2 Oscillator Waveform Modification
2.2 Frequency Modulation Techniques
2.3 Wave Shaping
2.4 Vector Synthesis
2.5 Wave Sequencing
2.6 Audio-Rate Crossfading
2.7 Wave Terrain Synthesis
2.9 FOF Synthesis
2.10 Granular Synthesis
3 Filter Techniques
3.1 Resonant Filters as Oscillators
3.2 Serial and Parallel Filter Techniques
3.3 Audio-Rate Filter Cutoff Modulation
3.4 Adding Analog Feel
3.5 Wet Filters
4 Noise Generation
4.1 White Noise
4.2 Brown Noise
4.3 Pink Noise
4.4 Pitched Noise
5.1 Bass Drum Synthesis
5.2 Snare Drum Synthesis
5.3 Synthesis of Gongs, Bells and Cymbals
5.4 Synthesis of Hand Claps
6 Additive Synthesis
6.1 What is Additive Synthesis?
6.3 Group Additive Synthesis
6.7 Which Oscillator to Use
7 Physical Modeling
7.1 Introduction to Physical Modeling
7.2 The Karplus-Strong Algorithm
7.3 Tuning of Delay Lines
7.4 Delay Line Details
7.5 Physical Modeling with Digital Waveguides
7.6 String Modeling
7.7 Woodwind Modeling
7.8 Related Links
8 Speech Synthesis and Processing
8.1 Vocoder Techniques
8.2 Speech Synthesis
8.3 Pitch Tracking
9 Using the Logic Modules
9.1 Complex Logic Functions
9.2 Flipflops, Counters other Sequential Elements
9.3 Asynchronous Elements
10 Algorithmic Composition
10.1 Chaos and Fractal Music
10.2 Cellular Automata
10.3 Cooking Noodles
11 Reverb and Echo Effects
11.1 Synthetic Echo and Reverb
11.2 Short-Time Reverb
11.3 Low-Fidelity Echo and Reverb
12 Distortion Effects
12.1 Distortion using Nonlinearities
12.2 Multiband Distortion
12.3 Polynomial Distortion
12.4 Distortion using Time-Variant Systems
13 Frequency and Pitch Shifting
13.1 Frequency Shifting
13.2 Pitch Shifting
15 Emulating Classic Synths
15.1 General Guidelines
15.2 Yamaha DX7
15.3 Octave Cat
15.4 ARP Odyssey
15.6 Hallsey Mark 1 and 2
15.7 Other Emulations
987 Alesis Micron
This is one of the cutest, smallest, yet most powerful synths I've ever put my hands on! The Micron is the sequel to the popular Ion, and while it can be considered as the Ion's younger brother, it actually has a few enhancements that are absent on the big bro.
This is a very clean, precise, sparkly and definitely virtual analog (or analog modeled) sounding synth. Eight voices of polyphony are plenty for these types of units, but we would always want more. The synth engine is the same as the Ion though, but extra and welcome features include sequencing, arpeggio, and great on board percussion, and the ability to build patterns.
The Micron really sounds bigger than it looks: while personally I feel that the character of its synth engine leans on the more digitally precise DSP side of virtual analog technology, it's certainly capable of huge, warm and fat sounds.
The main panel is logically laid out and easy to understand. At the very left, a big red knob offers volume control; the two "m1" and "m2" sliders provide useful modulation control, typically (but not always) vibrato and filter cutoff. The three knobs labeled "x", "y" and "z" also offer way of modulating sounds, and can (ought to) be assigned to your favorite parameters. Two octave buttons, and other useful commands such as tap (tempo) and latch (sustains the notes) occupy the space at the left of the two-line backlit green display. Finally, a multi-function matrix with push-down knob serve as the central nerve system of the machine, letting you easily access programs, setups, configurations, patterns and rhythms. You do the programming by turning the knob to view the various editing pages. In all, it's simple to program, and the manual does a fantastic job of being easy to follow and easy to understand.
868 How Facebook Ships Code ÂŤ FrameThink â Frameworks for Thinking People
Iâm fascinated by the way Facebook operates. Itâs a very unique environment, not easily replicated (nor would their system work for all companies, even if they tried). These are notes gathered from talking with many friends at Facebook about how the company develops and releases software.
Itâs been over six months since I assembled these observations and Iâm sure Facebook has continuously evolved its software development practices in the meantime. So these notes are probably a little bit out-of-date. It also seems like Facebookâs developer-driven culture is coming under greater public scrutiny. So Iâm feeling more comfortable now about releasing these notesâŚ HUGE thanks to the many folks who helped put together this view inside of Facebook! Thanks are also due to folks like epriest and fryfrog who have written up corrections and edits.
777 SPERRZONE: [ K E Y C H A I N S ]: Zazzle.com Store
About Beat Hauser, SPERRZONE
Beat Hauser is interested in industrial archaeology and history of Europe. His special area is the brewing industry of Switzerland and the former German Democratic Republic. Since 2003 he is taking pictures of industrial areas and abandoned places within all Europe. On his web site SPERRZONE (www.sperrzone.net) he does not only present his own pictures, but also some information about the related factories and places as well as historical photo post cards, old letter heads, labels, advertisings to document the history of the factories.
Most pictures are taken in abandoned factories. Abandoned places and industrial ruins are generally seen as Ă˘ÂÂspots of dirtĂ˘ÂÂ and people feel uncomfortable around them. Often such places have a very long and interesting history, which seems almost forgotten today. Instead of the activity of former days there is nothing but silence and emptiness. Instead of windows, black holes are staring out of the walls. But very often the architecture of elapsed eras is attractive and astonishing. In combination with the emptiness and beginning decay, such places often spread the impression of a dream world. Decay and nature give new structures to strictly geometric forms and lines, e.g. in production halls. Moisture, moss and rust give new colors to gray halls. Beat Hauser tries to capture these impressions with his photographs. Aesthetics of decay is illustrated in its huge variety from huge industrial plants to small details.
10 Jun Ă˘ÂÂ 1 Jul 2007 3Fotografen3, Alte evangelische Kirche Kirchzarten
(Exhibition of the 3 winners of the Ă˘ÂÂKirchzARTener FOTOsalons 2006Ă˘ÂÂ)
2 Dec Ă˘ÂÂ 3 Dec 2006 KirchzARTener FOTOsalon 2006, Kurhaus Kirchzarten
(Photo contest with 54 participants, 1. rank)
20 Nov Ă˘ÂÂ 21 Nov 2004 KirchzARTener FOTOsalon 2004, Kurhaus Kirchzarten
(Photo contest with 46 participants, 11. rank)
Several beamer shows at party events of Ă˘ÂÂRigor MortisĂ˘ÂÂ and Ă˘ÂÂSolanaceaeĂ˘ÂÂ in Basle, Aarau, Pratteln and Reinach (all Switzerland)
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727 How To Create an Antique Mirror Effect | Apartment Therapy DC
How To Create an Antique Mirror Effect
Mclain Wiesand, a Baltimore-based custom furniture company, has made a name for itself by producing handcrafted pieces that capture the feel of real antiques. One of the techniques they use for aging mirror is wonderfully simple and serves as the inspiration for this how to.
Creating an antique mirror effect is an inexpensive way to revamp a flea market find, or add a new layer of interest and depth to an ordinary wall mirror. Almost any type of mirror can be aged using this technique, including mirrored plexiglass.
â˘ Mirrored glass or plexiglass. Due to the type of paint applied to the reflective coating, inexpensive, craft-store mirror works wonderfully.
â˘ Latex or other gloves for hand protection.
â˘ Paint stripper. Most types work fine. For a less toxic product, Citristrip works well.
â˘ Plastic putty spreader or putty knife.
â˘ Modern Masters Metal Effects Black Patina. This patina solution is essentially an acid that eats at the reflective surface of the mirror. There are probably other products that work similarly, but Modern Masters products work well and can be found online or in most art supply stores or specialty paint stores.
â˘ 1â chip brush (or similar brush).
â˘ Silver paint of choice.
Step 1: (Image 2, above)
Wearing gloves, place mirror face down on cardboard or other protected surface in a well-ventilated area. Apply stripper generously to back of mirror and allow to sit for a few hours, or until paint can be easily removed with plastic scraper. It is not necessary for all of the paint to be removed; generally speaking, 80-90% should suffice. When paint has been stripped, wash mirror with soap and water and allow to dry.
Step 2: (Images 3 & 4)
Place stripped mirror face down on clean cardboard or other protected surface. Dip chip brush in Modern Masters Metal Patina Solution and gradually apply it to the raw reflective surface of the mirror. As mirror tends to age from the edges inward, it is best to apply patina solution in heavier amounts around the edges of the mirror. In a matter of minutes (or less), the patina solution will begin to eat away at the reflective surface. Other application techniques that produce nice effects are spattering and light directional brushing of patina solution. Continue applying solution until desired level of ageing is achieved. Rinse with water to neutralize the reaction and allow to dry.
Step 3: (photos 5 & 6)
This next step involves reapplying paint to the back of the mirror. The color paint you choose will be visible through the spots created by the patina solution. The dark areas of aged antique mirrors tend to be a dark silver-grey but depending on the silvering technique used, can range from gold to pale silver to black. One method that produced nice results is a combination of dark and light silver paints, applied randomly (per images). Apply paint until the reflective surface is completely covered.
610 . ďż˝ ďż˝ďż˝'ďż˝i|ďż˝,_ ďż˝ ďż˝ďż˝'ďż˝i|ďż˝,_ . welcome @ deep!sonic ďż˝ ďż˝ďż˝'ďż˝i|ďż˝,_ . ďż˝ ďż˝ďż˝'ďż˝i|ďż˝,_ .
.:[ Hello Electromusic Lovers ! ]:.
Es ist gelogen, dass Videogames Kids beeinflussen. HĂ¤tte PAC MAN das getan, wĂźrden wir heute durch dunkle RĂ¤ume irren, Pillen fressen und elektronische Musik hĂśren!
(Christian Wilson, Nintendo Inc., 1989)
In deep!sonic i primary show my musican side in my life. More and more also people come here to watch the balance in my life - photography in nature. I like the world wide web and found lot of information and answers. Because this i feel better to give a little bit back and presents my works here in deep!sonic. But more i think it's important to feel and life culture with all kinds.
Sound synthesis and sound design
Music has brought pleasure and entertainment to mankind throughout the whole of history. Each person is by nature equipped with one of the most elaborate and emotional musical instruments; the human voice. Whenever people feel good music seems to fit the occasion, and it is considered quite natural to hum or sing a song. Musical instruments have brought their own moods to music and at the current moment in human evolution there is an enormous variety of musical instruments available. The twentieth century has seen the development of a range of new and exciting electronic musical instruments. These electronic instruments are very flexible, they can produce a wide range of timbres and can be amplified to whatever loudness level sounds best for the occasion. Most of these electronic instruments are played by a keyboard, but in essence the keyboard can be replaced by any electromechanical device that is able to transform a movement caused by a human interaction into an electrical signal that can drive the sound generating core of the electronic instrument.
All sorts of technical and scientific developments have helped to create electronic instruments and the human interface to play them. Still, music is an art and not really a hard science, although music and sound have for a long time been subject to various scientific research. An important realization is that science can not really explain why much music is such a pleasure to listen to and such a joy to make. Which is not a bad thing, as probably no one is waiting for science to take the fun out of music by applying formalized rules and templates on what is also subject to âfeelâ. So, although this book covers techniques that lean heavily on scientific research, the application of these techniques will in general be aimed at creating fun. There are a lot of professionals working with sound and even more people that make music for their personal enjoyment. Mastery of sound synthesis is valuable to all of them. Still, it wonât be easy to please everyone with one single book, as some people will be more interested in how things work and others might want practical examples that just work. The aim of this book is that it can at least be used as a practical guide in workshops and courses in electronic music, covering some essential basics that are needed to operate the equipment used in sound synthesis in a way that makes some sense. Additionally it can be used to explore techniques to find out how they can help in the development of oneâs own musical style.
Sound synthesis is the art of creating sounds by using suitable electronic means, using either analog or digital electronic devices. Sound design is the art of creating particular sounds using sound synthesis techniques. The definition of sound design as used here might be confusing to some, as the name sound design is also used in the discipline in industrial design that occupies itself with how mass produced objects should sound. Examples are how the sound of cars or ladyshaves are âdesignedâ to sound pleasing while in use. Which of course has nothing to do at all with music or sound synthesizers. This book puts the emphasis on the various synthesis techniques for musical purposes and how to setup sound synthesizers to create a large range of characteristic musical sounds. The art of musical sound design is left to the artist.
484 Why did so many successful entrepreneurs and startups come out of PayPal? Answered by Insiders
Why did so many successful entrepreneurs and startups come out of PayPal? I long have been fascinated by the extraordinary achievement from the ex-Paypal team and wonder about the reasons behind their success. In the past, mass media tried to answer this question several times but still couldnât give us a clear answer.
I once asked David Sacks the same question during an event in Los Angeles. He told me the secret is that Paypal has built a âscrappyâ culture. No matter what problems they faced, they would find a way to solve them. I kind of got the idea, but was still confused about the execution details.
So when I saw some of the past Paypal employees answering this question on Quora, I was super excited! After all, they should be the only ones who can tell people the inside stories.
Below are some highlights of their answers. *If you want to check out the sources or leave your comments, please go to here and here.
On Talent Management
âPeter and Max assembled an unusual critical mass of entrepreneurial talent, primarily due to their ability to recognize young people with extraordinary ability (the median age of *execs* on the S1 filing was 30). But the poor economy allowed us to close an abnormal number of offers, as virtually nobody other than eBay and (in part) google was hiring in 2000-02.â (by Keith Rabois, former Executive Vice President of Paypal)
âExtreme Focus (driven by Peter): Peter required that everyone be tasked with exactly one priority. He would refuse to discuss virtually anything else with you except what was currently assigned as your #1 initiative. Even our annual review forms in 2001 required each employee to identify their single most valuable contribution to the company.â (by Keith Rabois, former Executive Vice President of Paypal)
âDedication to individual accomplishment: Teams were almost considered socialist institutions. Most great innovations at PayPal were driven by one person who then conscripted others to support, adopt, implement the new idea. If you identified the 8-12 most critical innovations at PayPal (or perhaps even the most important 25), almost every one had a single person inspire it (and often it drive it to implementation). As a result, David enforced an anti-meeting culture where any meeting that included more than 3-4 people was deemed suspect and subject to immediate adjournment if he gauged it inefficient. Our annual review forms in 2002 included a direction to rate the employee on âavoids imposing on othersâ time, e.g. scheduling unnecessary meetings.â (by Keith Rabois, former Executive Vice President of Paypal)
âRefusal to accept constraints, external or internal:We were expected to pursue our #1 priority with extreme dispatch (NOW) and vigor. To borrow an apt phrase, employees were expected to âcome to work every day willing to be fired, to circumvent any order aimed at stopping your dream.â Jeremy Stoppelman has relayed elsewhere the story about an email he sent around criticizing management that he expected to get him fired and instead got him promoted. Peter did not accept no for answer: If you couldnât solve the problem, someone else would be soon assigned to do it.â (by Keith Rabois, former Executive Vice President of Paypal)
âDriven problem solvers: PayPal had a strong bias toward hiring (and promoting / encouraging, as Keith mentions) smart, driven problem solvers, rather than subject matter experts. Very few of the top performers at the company had any prior experience with payments, and many of the best employees had little or no prior background building Internet products. I worked on the fraud analytics team at PayPal, and most of our best people had never before done anything related to fraud detection. If heâd approached things âtraditionallyâ, Max would have gone out and hired people who had been building logistic regression models for banks for 20 years but never innovated, and fraud losses would likely have swallowed the company.â (by Mike Greenfield, former Sr. Fraud R&D Scientist of Paypal)
âSelf-sufficiency â individuals and small teams were given fairly complex objectives and expected to figure out how to achieve them on their own. If you needed to integrate with an outside vendor, you picked up the phone yourself and called; you didnât wait for a BD person to become available. You did (the first version of) mockups and wireframes yourself; you didnât wait for a designer to become available. You wrote (the first draft of) site copy yourself; you didnât wait for a content writer.â (by Yee Lee, former Product & BU GM of Paypal)
On Culture & Ideology
âExtreme bias towards action â early PayPal was simply a really *productive* workplace. This was partly driven by the culture of self-sufficiency. PayPal is and was, after all, a web service; and the company managed to ship prodigious amounts of relatively high-quality web software for a lot of years in a row early on. Yes, we had the usual politics between functional groups, but either individual heroes or small, high-trust teams more often than not found ways to deliver projects on-time.â (by Yee Lee, former Product & BU GM of Paypal)
âWillingness to try â even in a data-driven culture, youâll always run in to folks who either donât believe you have collected the right supporting data for a given decision or who just arenât comfortable when data contradicts their gut feeling. In many companies, those individuals would be the death of decision-making. At PayPal, I felt like you could almost always get someone to give it a *try* and then let performance data tell us whether to maintain the decision or rollback.â (by Yee Lee, former Product & BU GM of Paypal)
âData-driven decision making â PayPal was filled with smart, opinionated people who were often at logger-heads. The way to win arguments was to bring data to bear. So you never started a sentence like this âI feel like itâs a problem that our users canât do Xâ, instead youâd do your homework first and then come to the table with â35% of our [insert some key metric here] are caused by the lack of X functionalityâŚâ (by Yee Lee, former Product & BU GM of Paypal)
âRadical transparency on metrics: All employees were expected to be facile with the metrics driving the business. Otherwise, how could one expect each employee to make rational calculations and decisions on their own every day? To enforce this norm, almost every all-hands meeting consisted of distributing a printed Excel spreadsheet to the assembled masses and Peter conducting a line by line review of our performance (this is only a modest exaggeration).â (by Keith Rabois, former Executive Vice President of Paypal)
âVigorous debate, often via email: Almost every important issue had champions and critics. These were normally resolved not by official edict but by a vigorous debate that could be very intense. Being able to articulate and defend a strategy or product in a succinct, compelling manner with empirical analysis and withstand a withering critique was a key attribute of almost every key contributor. I still recall the trepidation I confronted when I was informed that I needed to defend the feasibility of my favorite âbabyâ to Max for the first time.â (by Keith Rabois, former Executive Vice President of Paypal)
âExtreme Pressure â PayPal was a very difficult business with many major issues to solve. We were able to see our colleagues work under extreme pressure and hence we learned who we could rely on and trust.â (by Keith Rabois, former Executive Vice President of Paypal)
474 Why Intelligent People Fail
Why Intelligent People Fail
Content from Sternberg, R. (1994). In search of the human mind. New York: Harcourt Brace.
1. Lack of motivation. A talent is irrelevant if a person is not motivated to use it. Motivation may be external (for example, social approval) or internal (satisfaction from a job well-done, for instance). External sources tend to be transient, while internal sources tend to produce more consistent performance.
2. Lack of impulse control. Habitual impulsiveness gets in the way of optimal performance. Some people do not bring their full intellectual resources to bear on a problem but go with the first solution that pops into their heads.
3. Lack of perserverance and perseveration. Some people give up too easily, while others are unable to stop even when the quest will clearly be fruitless.
4. Using the wrong abilities. People may not be using the right abilities for the tasks in which they are engaged.
5. Inability to translate thought into action. Some people seem buried in thought. They have good ideas but rarely seem able to do anything about them.
6. Lack of product orientation. Some people seem more concerned about the process than the result of activity.
7. Inability to complete tasks. For some people nothing ever draws to a close. Perhaps itâs fear of what they would do next or fear of becoming hopelessly enmeshed in detail.
8. Failure to initiate. Still others are unwilling or unable to initiate a project. It may be indecision or fear of commitment.
9. Fear of failure. People may not reach peak performance because they avoid the really important challenges in life.
10. Procrastination. Some people are unable to act without pressure. They may also look for little things to do in order to put off the big ones.
11. Misattribution of blame. Some people always blame themselves for even the slightest mishap. Some always blame others.
12. Excessive self-pity. Some people spend more time feeling sorry for themselves than expending the effort necessary to overcome the problem.
13. Excessive dependency. Some people expect others to do for them what they ought to be doing themselves.
14. Wallowing in personal difficulties. Some people let their personal difficulties interfere grossly with their work. During the course of life, one can expect some real joys and some real sorrows. Maintaining a proper perspective is often difficult.
15. Distractibility and lack of concentration. Even some very intelligent people have very short attention spans.
16. Spreading oneself too think or too thick. Undertaking too many activities may result in none being completed on time. Undertaking too few can also result in missed opportunities and reduced levels of accomplishment.
17. Inability to delay gratification. Some people reward themselves and are rewarded by others for finishing small tasks, while avoiding bigger tasks that would earn them larger rewards.
18. Inability to see the forest for the trees. Some people become obsessed with details and are either unwilling or unable to see or deal with the larger picture in the projects they undertake.
19. Lack of balance between critical, analytical thinking and creative, synthetic thinking. It is important for people to learn what kind of thinking is expected of them in each situation.
20. Too little or too much self-confidence. Lack of self-confidence can gnaw away at a personâs ability to get things done and become a self-fulfilling prophecy. Conversely, individuals with too much self-confidence may not know when to admit they are wrong or in need of self-improvement.
389 Nintendo DS News
This Nintendo DS news page is a subpage of PDRoms - a page caring and reporting about all kind of homebrew news and releases - may it be a game, technical demo or application. We update on a regular base, feel free to check back anytime! If you browse the main page carefully, you will recognize plenty of Nintendo DS ROMs (or binaries) - legal and free of charge. Enjoy! Your PDRoms-Team
137 Sony Ericsson J110 & J120 LetsGoMobile
Sony Ericsson J120
sony, ericsson, j120, j110, cellphone, mobile, cellular
Sony Ericsson announces two new 'candy bar' phones; the Sony Ericsson J220 and J120. The Sony Ericsson J120 brings music into an affordable segment with integrated FM Radio, complete with headset. Both the J220 and J120 display Sony Ericssonâs signature styling and premium feel, yet manage to keep simplicity and ease-of-use at the heart of their design.
103 mental_floss Blog Âť 12 Curious Facebook Fan Pages
Everything you need to feel smart again.
mental_floss, mental floss, feel smart again, knowledge, general knowledge, smart, intelligent, education, knowledge, facts, left brain, right brain, trivia, information, publication, periodical, magazine, Einstein
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