100SILEX, de 0 à 100 s: known
I have started to build a (slightly) updated version of the Korg PS-3200 synthesizer.
The PS-3200 was the last of three fully polyphonic, semi-modular analogue synthesizers offered by Korg in the late 70's. (See Ben Ward's excellent Korg PS site for detailed information, including user manuals.)
The concept of the PS-Synthesizers was different from other manufacturer's early polyphonic instruments. Instead of using a small number of voices and a clever keyboard assigning circuit, the "PolyKorgs" had a complete synthesizer circuit, hard wired to each key. That makes a total of 48 VCFs, 48 VCAs and 48 voltage controlled ADSRs even for the smallest of the range, the PS-3100. The largest of the range, PS-3300, even had 144 of these circuits.
The sheer number of synthesizer circuits called for an extremly economic circuit design, and it's a joy to look at Korg's design ideas which led to building blocks that almost did the same as in the better known "classic" synthesizers. And after many years of engineering and reverse-engineering electronic music circuits, I have learned to look at odd solutions not as "substandard", but as a source of creativity an individual character. Here's a list of some highlights:
Function Implementation Side effects
Single-Transistor Waveform Converter creates triangle, saw, pulse and PWM from saw input, using one (!) transistor, one diode and two resistors per voice, plus two global control voltages Pulse height also changes with pulse width
5-Transistor-VCF (Korg-35) A Voltage controlled 2-pole (Sallen&Key) LPF built from 5 transistors rather high CV feedthru
Single-Diode VC Resonance The dynamic resistance of a simple diode is used to alter the feedback gain of the VCF limited range of Q
"Expand" function instead of VCF Envelope modulation depth Instead of scaling down the ADSR with a VCA, the a variable portion of the Envelope is just clipped with a single diode. It's so remarkably close to ordinary VCA function that apparently nobody takes notice. At least I have not read about it anywhere.
At slow Atack times, the Envelope appears delayed at the VCF (no effect until th eclipping point is reached). Usefull for Brass sounds, and not easy to emulate with conventional synthesizers.
Minimum parts count Voltage Controlled ADSR Three transistors, 1/2 of a LM324 and one CD4007 per voice. Plus some more involved control circuit, shared by several voices Transistors must be selected in 13-tuples, not just in pairs.
ADSR detail (1):
One-opamp control logic 1/4 LM324 is used as Flipflop, which is dynamically set by Gate-ON, dynamically reset by Gate-OFF, statically reset when the attack peak voltage is reached, and whose set/reset sensitivity is altered by a CV Very odd "Hold" function, depending on the "Attack"-value. But very useful in practise.
ADSR detail (2):
Single-Transistor, exponential slope VC-Decay Using a single transistor per voice for VC Attack and Release is remarkable already, even though the A and R slopes are linerar. But the Decay slope is exponential, and this is achieved with a single transistor and two resistors per voice! The Decay time range is rather limited. No ultra fast Decay, and no ultra slow Decay either.
Single-Transistor VCA That's the "Korg standard" VCA, well known from other instruments like the MS-10.
719 Facebook owns us â Copy me happy
Facebook has become the event planning system. Itâs the place where you have all your friends (and other people) somewhat sorted and organized. All in all, itâs the organized system in the chaos that is otherwise known as the internets.
This is leading Facebook towards a virtual monopoly. There are lots of issues with monopolies, but one of the more interesting ones when it comes to Facebook is the impact is has on our social lives, online as well as offline.
710 10 Awesome Free Tools To Make Infographics
Information graphics, visual representations of data known as infographics, keep the web going these days. Web users, with their diminishing attention spans,
infographics, information graphics, data graphics
706 Geometry, Surfaces, Curves, Polyhedra
POV-Ray: A Tool for Creating Engaging Visualisation of Geometry
Various notes on polygons and meshes
Includes Surface (polygon) simplification, Clipping a polygonal facet with an arbitrary plane, Surface Relaxation and Smoothing of polygonal data, Mesh crumpling, splitting polygons, two sided facets, polygon types.
Philosophy is written in this grand book - I mean universe - which stands continuously open to our gaze, but which cannot be understood unless one first learns to comprehend the language in which it is written. It is written in the language of mathematics, and its characters are triangles, circles and other geometric figures, without which it is humanly impossible to understand a single word of it; without these, one is wandering about in a dark labyrinth. Galileo (1623)
Distance between a point, a line and a plane
The intersection of a line with another line (2D)
The closest line between two lines (3D)
The intersection of a line with a plane
Mathematics describing a plane
The intersection of two planes
The intersection of three planes
Polygon area and centroid calculation
Inside / outside polygon test
Reflection of a ray
Eulers number and closed surfaces
Determining whether a line segment intersects a facet
Coordinate transformations on the plane (2D)
Cartesian, Cylindrical, and Spherical
Euler angles and coordinate transformations
Converting between left and right coordinate systems
Clipping a line with a polygon
Clockwise test for polygons in 2D
Test for concave/convex polygon in 2D
Area of (planar) polygons in 3D
Spheres, equations and terminology
The intersection of a line and a sphere (or a circle)
Equation of the circle through 3 points
Equation of the sphere through 4 points
Intersecting area of circles on a plane
Rotation of a point about an arbitrary axis
Creating a plane/disk perpendicular to a line segment
Intersection of two circles on the plane
Circumference of an ellipse
Intersection of two spheres
Distributing Points on a Sphere
Quadric equations in x and y of degree 2
Fowler angles: Comparing angles without trigonometry
Description of an efficient contouring algorithm as it appeared in Byte magazine. (Byte Magazine, 1987) and a more general approach for arbitrary contour planes and polygonal meshes.
Methods for mapping points on a spherical surface onto a plane, stereographic and cylindrical (including Mercator) projections. Includes Aitoff map projection: Conversion to/from longitude/latitude (spherical map)
Classification of projections from 3D to 2D and specific examples of oblique projections.
A triangle was an improvement to the square wheel. It eliminated one bump. BC comics
Planar (stretching) distortion in the plane
Including Anamorphic projections and Mappings in the Complex Plane (Otherwise known as Conformal maps)
Polygonising a scalar field
Otherwise known as marching cubes and marching tetrahedrons.
A Macintosh 4 dimensional geometry viewer and manual.
636 The Beginnerâs Guide to Zen Habits â A Guided Tour | zen habits
âSmile, breathe and go slowly.â ~Thich Nhat Hanh
Post written by Leo Babauta. Follow me on Twitter.
Note: This is an update to the old guide â so it should be interesting to readers new and old.
While some of you have been following Zen Habits since its early days (beginning of 2007), many of you are fairly new readers.
To help you through the fairly overwhelming archives, Iâve compiled a beginnerâs guide. Kind of a Quick Start guide.
First, a note: Please donât try to go through this all at once. There are days and days worth of reading here. Iâve just organized that so that you can go to the stuff you want to learn about first.
Take it in small chunks.
Where do you start when you have a thousand posts to read through? You start with the best, or at least the most popular.
So here they are:
Most Popular Posts
a brief guide to life.
the best goal is no goal
the lost art of solitude
the elements of living lightly
the zen of doing
The Ultimate How to Get Lean Guide.
simplify, and savor life
How Not to Hurry
Email Sanity: How to Clear Your Inbox When Youâre Drowning
the barefoot philosophy
The No. 1 Habit of Highly Creative People
How Not to Hurry
The Simple, Ridiculously Useful Guide to Earning a Living from Your Passion
10 Benefits of Rising Early, and How to Do It
20 Things I Wish I Had Known When Starting Out in Life
Simple Living Manifesto: 72 Ideas to Simplify Your Life
A Guide to Creating a Minimalist Home
Get Off Your Butt: 16 Ways to Get Motivated When Youâre in a Slump
621 Patternry | User Interface Design Patterns for Ideas and Inspiration
Patternry, previously known as The UI Pattern Factory, is a resource for everyone who needs to design or develop user interfaces. It is a collection of Web design patterns, best practices, which helps you to find inspiration and design interfaces with great user experience. It is also a user interface gallery full of real world examples of our patterns.
design patterns, ui design, user interface, design, interaction patterns, user experience, usability, pattern library, best practices, design inspiration
616 Alphabet Soup modular synth
The STS Serge Modular can be a daunting system at first blush, especially for those who come from an "East Coast" modular synth background. My first synthesizers were Moog analogs and my first Analog Modular Synth was an Arrick "Dotcom" system - so I started out with East Coast paradigms that I had to "unlearn" in order to use my Serge Modular to the fullest. For those of you coming from a similar background or those just discovering the Serge Modular for the first time, these "Alphabet Soup" pages are dedicated to you!
The Serge Modular is intuitive and fun to use - especially when you realize the main difference between a Serge Modular and most others has to do with the size of the building blocks, where a Moog or similar modular will have monolithic building blocks like ADSRs and Oscillators, the Serge can be more "low-level" in that you can build ADSRs and oscillators from Serge modules or, more properly, Function Blocks.
These Function Blocks usually come bearing arcane names that have been shortened to an "Alphabet Soup" conglomeration of acronyms. In this series of articles, I'll be talking about some of the ways to approach these Function Blocks to create much more useful, surprising, complex or just simply fun synthesis features.
The first function block we're going to look at is the "DSG", otherwise known as the Dual Universal Slope Generator. This mild-mannered module is in some ways the most powerful one in the entire Serge catalog because it can become so many different things depending on where you place the patch cords...as you'll soon see.
469 10 Fun Facts You Didn't Know About Google
Google is not your average company and it's fitting that they have a history chock full of quirk. Here are 10 facts you may not have known about Google.
google,Channels,Google,Google Lists,Lists,Top Stories,Web Apps,features,pop culture
428 Alain Neffe and the Home-Taped Electronic Music Revolution
Alain Neffe launched his first tape label at home in Belgium in 1981. He called it Insane Music Contact and his first installment was called Insane Music for Insane People. Thus began a nearly thirty year foray into home-made, visionary and utterly unfashionable electronic music that has hardly made anyone involved a household name.
Insane Music released 55 titles in its most prolific years (1981-87). Five of these were vinyl records and the rest were cassettes tapes. Why cassettes tapes? Magnetic tape was the obvious solution to the problem facing many artists working without record contracts in those days. Cassettes could be recorded at home, produced at home, dubbed at home, and sold or traded by mail. No need for tasteless outside producers and marketing mojoâone needed only leave home to buy more tapes. Says Neffe, âI could copy the tapes on demand. Releasing an LP required that you print 500 copies and 1000 copies of the cover sleeve, and everything had to be paid up front âŠ if the buyer didnât like the music, he or she could wipe it out and record something else on it.â
Mr. Neffe was not the only one out there recording, selling and trading tapes by mail. On both sides of the Atlantic, home cassette technology was permitting the release of much groundbreaking and breathlessly beautiful work, as well as some noxious and otherwise self-indulgent wankingâthat coat of many colors we call the DIY (do-it-yourself) Revolution. As early as 1974, Albrecht/d. self-released a cassette entitled Amsterdam Op De Dam in Germany. In 1976, Throbbing Gristle was distributing tapes of their infamous live recordings, and in 1977, the French electro-industrial unit Die Form began releasing tapes on their own Bain Total label. 1980 saw the release of two monumental self-released cassettes, The Storm Bugsâ A Safe Substitute and Colin Potterâs The Ghost Office. In Japan, 1980 saw the release of Merzbowâs first two cassettes, Remblandt Assemblage and Fuckexercise. And in the USA, 1981 saw John Benderâs Plaster: The Prototypes, a laconic and mysterious series of tone and vocal poems. Home taping was not limited to electronic music. R. Stevie Moore, one of the elder living ancestors of the lo-fi rock aesthetic, began releasing distributing home-made tapes via the R. Stevie Moore Cassette Club sometime in the 1970s. And tapes of live punk shows from the era continue to trade hands.
Soon, cassettes were coming from everywhere: mysterious PO boxes in the Midwest, to which you sent a blank tape and three dollars and received the tape back with something on it. The Tellus Audio Cassette Magazine was a Fluxus-inspired subscription audio-journal dedicated to music as well as poetry and drama and other forms of audio-art. Zines like Factsheet Five and Unsound devoted entire columns to the material they received from bands on home-made cassette, and demo tapes began leaking to radio stations prior to official record release dates. It was a grassroots movement that marched in association with the self-publication of zines, comics, chapbooks, and other media. The medium had begun to become the message.
Insane Music for Insane People (which eventually reached 25 volumes) was a series compiling all home-made electronic music made by artists from across the globe. By including in the liner notes the contact address for each artist featured, Neffe helped pioneer a snail-mail network for those interested in more of what they heard. Artists from all over Europe and the USA, from Japan, New Zealand, and beyond contributed over the years. One could send a few dollars to Insane Music Contact, receive tapes in the mail, write to artists involved and receive more cassettes.
Insane Music Contact (now known as Insane Music) has always been a vehicle for Mr. Neffeâs own electronic music projects as well, many of which are periodically active to this day. Though he now makes liberal use of the CD format, Neffeâs artistic approach remains undiluted by years of underexposure. He expects very little acknowledgment of or remuneration for his efforts, which, for him, are emotional articulation, continued experimentation, and purity. It seems nothing but nothing could possibly catapult such heavily uncommercial sounds into the public consciousnessânot even this thirty-year retrospective box-set entitled The Insane Box released (ironically, on vinyl) by the venerable Frank Maier of Vinyl-on-Demand Records, an outfit devoted to preserving the precious gems of cassette culture before the evidence disintegrates.
For this retrospective (4 LPs + a 7â 45), Mr. Neffe has reached into dusty attic boxes, wherein lay unreleased (or hardly available) material by five projects of which he has been a part: BeNe GeSSeRiT, Human Flesh, Pseudo Code, I Scream and Subject. Each has a unique cerebral orientation and emotional vibe made possible by the combined efforts of invited guests; each runs the high fever of a man very much committed to a personal vision of artistic purity without virtuosity, and each is distinctly French.
BeNe GeSSeRiT was not the first of Mr. Neffeâs projects to be recorded and distributed, but is, to my understanding, the genesis of his approach to music as âtextsâ or âphotographsâ, or as he puts it, âpotlatch musicâ. On these early tracks we also detect a burgeoning interest in the endless expressive properties of the human voice, both explicitly human and as heavily-treated sound sculpture, both French and English At times, voices shout like besotted Celine parlor workers at each other from tenement windows; at other times a high-pitched female voice wails up and down like Catherine Ribeiro alone in her bathroom. In these tracks, one can also detect the half-digested influence of electro-rock luminaries Silver Apples, the avant-lashings a la Yoko Ono, and occasionally the thunder-beat of early Laibach. Primitive Casio electronics, stage whispers, delay echoes, tape loops, and a certain absurdist humor redolent of Erik Satie, neither dampen the fabric with melodrama, nor detract from the integrity of the grist, nor from the topical seriousness of the textâs subjects. BeNe GeSSeRiT is difficult music, even in the moments that risk elegy, yet it is still more accessible than some of the other Francophone avant-dada outfits of the day, such as DDAA and Ătant DonnĂ©s, or Nurse with Wound in the UK.
Human Flesh is decidedly more structurally cohesive and song-oriented than BeNe GeSSeRiT, and its predecessors and influences are less clear. Still there is a clear interest in the human voice, its textures and timbers when removed of sign value by backwards-masking, and the new textures that emerge when disassembled and reassembled. Even rock-oriented at times, Human Flesh chases a more delirious climax, for the hounds of the carnival are snapping at their heels as they run. This is also a project of varied angles and pursuits, sliding as it does into poetic electro-pop (the supple and Chicago-accented voice of the late Lydia Tomkiw, of Algebra Suicide, appears on two tracks), and moments of Half Japanese-style primitivism. The side-long track âLangsamâ is more reminiscent of Piper-era Pink Floyd and Brainticket, as well as other Krautrock, yet is still distinctly French. These early and rare tracks are, in contrast to the more ambitious Pseudo Code and the more intimate recordings by I Scream, more oblique for being a mix-down of materials sent to Neffe from artists around the globe. The track âSons of God?â is also notable for what is perhaps the first recorded sample of the American fire-and-brimstone preacher Ferrell Griswold, whose voice has appeared in music by Front 242, Phallus Dei, Pragha Khan, et cetera.
The cassette medium, for all its benefits to individual artistic expression and culture, is for the selfsame reasons impermanent. Magnetic tape has a thirty year lifespan if properly archived, which means both that preserving their contents in other formats is important, and that paying hundreds of dollars for the original artifacts is a questionable collectorsâ pursuit (nevertheless, you can watch it happen daily). With the advent of the mp3 and the efforts of Vinyl-on-Demand and other labels, Insane Musicâs CD-r reissue program included, some of this exquisite material has been rescued from oblivion.
199 20 Portable Applications Web Designers Should Have On Their USB Sticks | Design Reviver
Portable applications have been known to be used by the professional on-the-go for quite some time now. These amazingly lightweight applications allow us to
portable,usb,usb drive,web designer
143 Granular Synthesis: Resource Site
This web site has been designed as a major reference site for the sound synthesis technique known as granular synthesis. It contains some software, music, essays, publications and lots of other information
78 Mandelbulb: The Unravelling of the Real 3D Mandelbrot Fractal
TIMESTAMP 08/11/2009. The original Mandelbrot is an amazing object that has captured the public's imagination for 30 years with its cascading patterns and hypnotically colourful detail. It's known as a 'fractal' - a type of shape that yields (sometimes elaborate) detail forever, no matter how far you 'zoom' into it (think of the trunk of a tree sprouting branches, which in turn split off into smaller branches, which themselves yield twigs etc.).
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